The word “electronic keyboard” refers to any instrument which produces sound by the pressing or striking of keys, and uses electricity, in some manner, to facilitate the roll-out of that sound. The usage of a digital keyboard to create music follows an inevitable evolutionary line from the first musical keyboard instruments, the pipe organ, clavichord, and harpsichord. The pipe organ is the oldest of such, initially created by the Romans in the 3rd century B.C., and referred to as hydraulis. The hydraulis produced sound by forcing air through reed pipes, and was powered by means of a manual water pump or a natural water source like a waterfall.
From it’s first manifestation in ancient Rome till the 14th century, the organ remained the sole keyboard instrument. Many times, it did not feature a keyboard whatsoever, instead utilizing large levers or buttons which were operated using the whole hand.
The subsequent appearance from the clavichord and harpsichord in the 1300’s was accelerated by the standardization of the 12-tone keyboard of white natural keys and black sharp/flat keys seen in all keyboard instruments of today. The recognition from the clavichord and harpsichord was eventually eclipsed from the development and widespread adoption in the piano inside the 18th century. The see this was a revolutionary advancement in acoustic musical keyboards since a pianist could vary the quantity (or dynamics) in the sound the instrument created by varying the force that each key was struck.
The emergence of electronic sound technology within the 18th century was another essential part of the development of the present day electronic keyboard. The very first electrified musical instrument was thought to be the Denis d’or (built by Vaclav Prokop Dovis), dating from about 1753. This is shortly followed by the “clavecin electrique” invented by Jean Baptiste Thillaie de Laborde around 1760. The former instrument was made up of over 700 strings temporarily electrified to boost their sonic qualities. The later had been a keyboard instrument featuring plectra, or picks, that were activated electrically.
While being electrified, neither the Denis d’or or the clavecin used electricity as being a sound source. In 1876, Elisha Gray invented this kind of instrument called the “musical telegraph.,” which had been, essentially, the 1st analog electronic synthesizer. Gray found that he could control sound from a self-vibrating electromagnetic circuit, therefore invented a simple single note oscillator. His musical telegraph created sounds from your electromagnetic oscillation of steel reeds and transmitted them over a telephone line. Grey went on to include an easy loudspeaker into his later models which was made up of a diaphragm vibrating in a magnetic field, making the tone oscillator audible.
Lee De Forrest, the self-styled “Father Of Radio,” was another major reason for the development of the electronic keyboard. In 1906 he invented the triode electronic valve or “audion valve.” The audion valve was the first thermionic valve or “vacuum tube,” and De Forrest built the very first vacuum tube instrument, the look at this web-site in 1915. The vacuum tube became an important element of electronic instruments for the next fifty years till the emergence and widespread adoption of transistor technology.
The decade from the 1920’s brought a great deal of new electronic instruments to the scene including the Theremin, the Ondes Martenot, and the Trautonium.
The following major breakthrough inside the background of electronic keyboards arrived in 1935 with the development of the Hammond Organ. The Hammond was the first electronic instrument capable of producing polyphonic sounds, and remained so till the invention of the Chamberlin Music Maker, and also the Mellotron within the late 1940’s and early 1950’s. The Chamberlin and the Mellotron were the first ever sample-playback keyboards designed for making music.
The electronic piano made it’s first appearance inside the 1940’s with all the “Pre-Piano” by Rhodes (later Fender Rhodes). This is a three as well as a half octave instrument made from 1946 until 1948 that came designed with self-amplification. In 1955 the Wurlitzer Company debuted their first electric piano, “The 100.”
The increase of music synthesizers within the 1960’s gave a powerful push towards the evolution of the electronic musical keyboards we now have today. The first synthesizers were extremely large, unwieldy machines used only in recording studios. The technological advancements and proliferation of miniaturized solid state components soon allowed producing synthesizers which were self-contained, portable instruments capable of used in live performances.
This began in 1964 when Bob Moog produced his “Moog Synthesizer.” Lacking a keyboard, the Moog Synthesizer was not truly a digital keyboard. Then, in 1970, Moog debuted his “Minimoog,” a non-modular synthesizer using a built in keyboard, and this instrument further standardized the design of electronic musical keyboards.
Most early analog synthesizers, like the Minimoog and the Roland SH-100, were monophonic, competent at producing just one single tone at a time. Several, including the EML 101, ARP Odyssey, and also the Moog Sonic Six, could produce two different tones at the same time when two keys were pressed. True polyphony (the creation of multiple simultaneous tones which allow for your playing of chords) qhscvn only obtainable, initially, using electronic organ designs. There were a number of electronic keyboards produced which combined organ circuits with synthesizer processing. These included Moog’s Polymoog, Opus 3, and the ARP Omni.
By 1976, additional design advancements had allowed the appearance of polyphonic synthesizers like the Oberheim Four-Voice, as well as the Yamaha series CS-50, CS-60, and CS-80. The first truly practical polyphonic synth, introduced in 1977, was the Sequential Circuits Prophet-5. This instrument was the first one to use a microprocessor being a controller, and also allowed all knob settings to become saved in computer memory and recalled by just pushing some control. The Prophet-5’s design soon had become the new standard inside the electronic keyboards industry.
The adoption of Musical Instrumental Digital Interface (MIDI) as the standard for digital code transmission (allowing electronic keyboards to get connected into computers and other devices for input and programming), and the ongoing digital technological revolution have produced tremendous advancements in every aspects of piano keyboard reviews, construction, function, sound quality, and price. Today’s manufactures, including Casio, Yamaha, Korg, Rolland, and Kurzweil, are now producing an abundance of well-built, lightweight, versatile, great sounding, and affordable electronic keyboard musical instruments and can continue to do this well in to the foreseeable future.